AWS Cross Account Access

In this exercise, I will try few ways to access resources in Account A for a user in Account B.


  • Have two accounts ready, Account A and Account B
  • Go to Account A console
    • Create a Role with “Another AWS account” as the type of trusted entity, role name as crossaccountrole
    • Attach policies, for example AmazonS3FullAccess

Access Account A resouce from Account B

Access from console

Access from command line

  • Access from AWS Cli with config profile
# Add a profile in ~/.aws/config
[profile crossaccountaccess]
    role_arn = arn:aws:iam::${account_a_id}:role/crossaccountrole
    source_profile = default

# Test the access
aws s3 ls --profile crossaccountaccess
  • Or access from AWS Cli with assume role
# install jq, use this to parse JSON response
yum install epel-release -y
yum update -y
yum install jq -y

# check current caller identity
aws sts get-caller-identity --query 'Account' --output text

# Assume the role to get a temp credentials which can be used to access the resource in Account A
ASSUMED_ROLE=$(aws sts assume-role --role-arn arn:aws:iam::${account_a_id}:role/crossaccountrole --role-session-name AWSCLI-Session)
export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=$(echo "${ASSUMED_ROLE}" | jq -r .Credentials.AccessKeyId)
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=$(echo "${ASSUMED_ROLE}" | jq -r .Credentials.SecretAccessKey)
export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=$(echo "${ASSUMED_ROLE}" | jq -r .Credentials.SessionToken)
export AWS_DEFAULT_REGION=us-east-1

# check current caller identity
aws sts get-caller-identity

# Test the access
aws s3 mb s3://testbucketfromaccountb123
aws s3 ls

# return to IAM user with removing the environment vaiables

# check current caller identity
aws sts get-caller-identity